*DRAFT RESOLUTION PRESENTED BY THE PRESIDENT (CANADA)
OF THE SECURITY COUNCIL AND THE RAPPORTEUR (BELGIUM) ON 6 FEBRUARY,
1948 (DOCUMENT NO. 667, DATED THE 10TH FEBRUARY, 1948)
THE SECURITY COUNCIL
- Having considered the claims and allegations
of India and Pakistan expresses the conviction that a peaceful
settlement of the dispute about the accession of Jammu and Kashmir
will best promote the interests of the peoples of Jammu and Kashmir
of India, and of Pakistan.
- Considers that it is urgent and important
to stop acts of violence and hostility in Jammu and Kashmir and
to decide the question of whether the State of Jammu and Kashmir
shall accede to Pakistan or to India by the democratic method
of a plebiscite to be held, as recognized by the parties, under
the auspices of the United Nations to ensure complete impartiality.
- Believes that the joint action of the
Governments of India and Pakistan is required to carry out the
purposes setforth below:
- Alternative A
Takes note with satisfaction
that both Governments, in seeking a solution by negotiation under
the auspices of the Council, have agreed to cooperate with each
other and with the Council in developing specific proposals, and,
to this end, to apply the following, principles which, in the
opinion of the Council, should, among others, constitute the basis
of a just settlement;
Appeals, therefore, to
both parties, in seeking a solution by negotiation under the auspices
of the Council, to cooperate with each other and with the Council
in developing specific proposals and, to this end, to apply the
following principles which, in the opinion of the Council, should,
among others, constitute the basis of a just settlement;
- Acts of violence and hostility must end.
- The withdrawal and continued exclusion of all
irregular forces and armed individuals who have entered Jammu
and Kashmir from outside must be brought about, each party using
to that end all the influence at its disposal.
- Regular armed forces in aid of the establishment
and maintenance of order must be made available. In this connection
the Governments should seek to ensure cooperation between their
military forces to establish order and security until the question
of accession shall have been determined by the plebiscite.
- Regular armed forces must be withdrawn as soon
as reestablishment of law and order permits.
- After acts of violence and hostility have ceased,
all citizens of the Jammu and Kashmir State, who had left on account
of the recent disturbances, shall be invited and be free to return
to their homes and to exercise all their rights without any restrictions
on legitimate political activity. There shall be no victimization.
All political prisoners should be released.
- The conditions necessary for a free and fair
plebiscite on the question of whether the State of Jammu and Kashmir
shall accede to India or to Pakistan, including an interim administration
which will command confidence and respect of the people of the
State of Jammu and Kashmir must be established.
- Such conditions include that the plebiscite must
be organized, held and supervised under the authority of the Security
Council at the earliest possible date.
*This draft resolution was considered by the
Security Council on 10th and 11th February, 1948, but was not
put to vote. Subsequent]y, a Joint Draft Resolution was introduced
by the Representatives of Belgium, Canada, China, Columbia, United
Kingdom and the United States of America and its amended version
(Doc. No S/726) was adopted by the Security Council on 21-4-1948,
vide Resolution No 47 (I948).